Sustainable transportation

Transport systems have significant impacts on the environment. The majority of the emissions is related to the direct burning of fossil fuels. Greenhouse gas emissions from transport are increasing and road transport is also a major contributor to local air pollution and smog.

Sustainable transport refers to the broad subject of transport that is sustainable in the senses of social, environmental and climate impacts. Components for evaluating sustainability include the particular vehicles used for road, water or air transport; the source of energy; and the infrastructure used to accommodate the transport.

Development of cities and urban transport systems is crucial for important societal goals to be reached (zero-growth in road traffic in urban areas, more climate-friendly, attractive and liveable cities etc.) The different ways of developing the transport systems affect competitiveness between transport modes, and thus traffic volumes and greenhouse gas emissions.

The entire life cycle of transport systems is subject to sustainability measurement and optimization. Sustainable transport systems make a positive contribution to the environmental, social and economic sustainability of the communities they serve.

To meet the United Nations’ climate targets, the contribution from renewable energy and low-carbon solutions to the world’s energy mix must increase drastically. Much of this increase will come from solar and wind power, and fair amounts of this electricity will be produced far from densely populated and industrialized areas.

Making this massive and largely remotely-produced energy resource accessible at times and locations where it is highest in demand, defines a strong drive for reliable, efficient and safe technology for converting, storing and transporting green energy commodities.

Photo and Illustrations: Bess Hamiti, Juhasz Imre, Tobias Bjørkli,Andrew Neel, Pexels, Pixabay



Selected publications

Cluster and networks

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